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Lieferbar innerhalb 1 - 2 Wochen. Beschreibung The most important feature of the modern synthetic theory of evolution is its foundation upon a great variety of biological disciplines. I consider such parallels to be important for two reasons. First, they serve to emphasize that however diverse life may be, there are common themes at the ecological level not to mention other levels.

Second, research done with either microbes or macroorganisms has implications which transcend a particular field of study. Your points will be added to your account once your order is shipped. Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! This second edition textbook offers an expanded conceptual synthesis of microbial ecology with plant and animal ecology.


Drawing on examples from the biology of microorganisms and macroorganisms, this textbook provides a much-needed interdisciplinary approach to ecology. The focus is the individual organism and comparisons are made along six axes: genetic variation, nutritional mode, size, growth, life cycle, and influence of the environment. When it was published in , the first edition of Comparative Ecology of Microorganisms and Macroorganisms was unique in its attempt to clearly compare fundamental ecology across the gamut of size. The explosion of molecular biology and the application of its techniques to microbiology and organismal biology have particularly demonstrated the need for interdisciplinary understanding.

This updated and expanded edition remains unique. Among the completely updated topics in the book are phylogenetic systematics, search algorithms and optimal foraging theory, comparative metabolism, the origins of life and evolution of multicellularity, and the evolution of life cycles. It is a thoughtful attempt to integrate ideas from, and develop common themes for, two fields of ecology that should not have become fragmented.

Country of Publication: US Dimensions cm : Help Centre. The proportion of culturable microbial cells is also reported when data allow its calculation. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Front Microbiol v. Front Microbiol. Published online May Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Edited by: Marcelino T. This article was submitted to Aquatic Microbiology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Microbiology. Received Oct 6; Accepted May The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.

No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. XLSX K. XLSX 92K. PDF 5. Abstract Recent analyses revealed that most of the biodiversity observed in marine microbial communities is represented by organisms with low abundance but, nonetheless essential for ecosystem dynamics and processes across both temporal and spatial scales.

Keywords: microbial communities, microbial biodiversity, rare biosphere, microbiota, macroorganism—microbe interactions, dispersal, metacommunity, gut microbiota. Microbial Diversity in Marine Environments The estimation of marine bacterial diversity has markedly increased in resolution during the last decade with the advent of high throughput sequencing technologies Sunagawa et al.

Review of the Main Processes Regulating Marine Microbial Diversity The composition and structure of marine microbial communities are controlled by several factors acting simultaneously at different temporal and spatial scales Fuhrman et al. Physical Transport and Large-scale Distribution The dispersal of free-living microbes across the ocean can result from different processes acting at different scales. The Overlooked Role of Macroorganisms Until recently, the role played by macroorganisms in the control of microbial diversity has been largely ignored in the literature Mihaljevic, ; Saleem, ; Li et al.

Macroorganisms Host Highly Diverse Microbial Communities The number of studies on the diversity of microbial communities associated with marine macroorganisms has increased exponentially during the last 5 years but there is surprisingly no synthesis considering various phyla. Open in a separate window. Macroorganisms as Sources of Rare Taxa for Seawater Microbial Communities Several studies have shown that the composition of seawater and sediment microbial communities may greatly differ from those associated to macroorganisms sponges: Dupont et al.

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Macroorganism Digestive Tracts Increase the Relative Abundance of Transient and Rare Seawater OTUs The digestive tracts of different marine animals are shown to make favorable habitats for transient and rare seawater bacteria. Macroorganisms as Dissemination Vectors for Marine Microbes By definition, microbial plankton dispersal depends on the movement of water masses.

Sustaining the Rare Rationale and Hypotheses When taken together, empirical evidences support the argument that macroorganisms play a so far overlooked role in the dynamics and diversity of seawater microbial communities across scales. Conclusion and Future Directions Several processes have been proposed to explain the maintenance of the rare biosphere in marine microbial communities, or the large geographic distribution of organisms with small dispersal abilities. Author Contributions MT initiated the study.

Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments Authors would like to thank all the researchers that shared their data for the preparation of this manuscript, Megan Kempher for correcting the english language and two reviewers that greatly helped improving the manuscript.

Click here for additional data file. References Aanderud Z. Resuscitation of the rare biosphere contributes to pulses of ecosystem activity. Water mass-specificity of bacterial communities in the North Atlantic revealed by massively parallel sequencing. Invasion is a community affair: clandestine followers in the bacterial community associated to green algae, Caulerpa racemosa , track the invasion source. Changes in marine prokaryotic community induced by varying types of dissolved organic matter and subsequent grazing pressure.

Plankton Res.

Full text of "Comparative Ecology Of Microorganisms And Macroorganisms, Second Edition"

Winter bloom of a rare betaproteobacterium in the Arctic Ocean. Macroecological patterns of marine bacteria on a global scale. The specific and exclusive microbiome of the deep-sea bone-eating snail, Rubyspira osteovora. FEMS Microbiol. Diel periodicity of Subantarctic copepods: relationships between vertical migration, gut fullness and gut evacuation rate.

Microbial structuring of marine ecosystems. Geobiologie of Inleiding tot de Milieukunde. Resistance and resilience of microbial communities - Temporal and spatial insurance against perturbations. Phylogenetic characterization and in situ detection of bacterial communities associated with seahorses Hippocampus guttulatus in captivity. Bacterial tracking of motile algae. Marine mammals harbor unique microbiotas shaped by and yet distinct from the sea. Direct measurement of swimming speeds depth of blue marlin. The relative importance of competition and predation varies with productivity in a model community.

Host biology in light of the microbiome: ten principles of holobionts and hologenomes. PLoS Biol. Tidal migration and patterns in feeding of the four-eyed fish Anableps anableps L. Fish Biol. Characterising the microbiome of Corallina officinalis , a dominant calcified intertidal red alga. Composition, uniqueness and variability of the epiphytic bacterial community of the green alga Ulva australis. ISME J. Activity of abundant and rare bacteria in a coastal ocean. Microbial community dynamics during assays of harbour oil spill bioremediation: a microscale simulation study.

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Bacterial communities and species-specific associations with the mucus of Brazilian coral species. Consumption rate, food preferences and transit time of captive giant otters Pteronura brasiliensis : implications for the study of wild populations. High diversity of skin-associated bacterial communities of marine fishes is promoted by their high variability among body parts, individuals and species.

Hydrocarbon utilization within a diesel-degrading bacterial consortium. Fems Microbiol. Composition and predictive functional analysis of bacterial communities in seawater, sediment and sponges in the spermonde archipelago, Indonesia. Natural assemblages of marine proteobacteria and members of the Cytophaga-Flavobacter cluster consuming low-and high-molecular-weight dissolved organic matter. Microbial diversity of a Brazilian coastal region influenced by an upwelling system and anthropogenic activity.

Two distinct microbial communities revealed in the sponge cinachyrella.

Comparative Ecology of Microorganisms and Macroorganisms

Bacterial community composition and predicted functional ecology of sponges, sediment and seawater from the thousand-islands reef complex, West-Java, Indonesia. Ecol 91 : fiv First insights into the microbiome of a carnivorous sponge. Culturability and In situ abundance of pelagic bacteria from the North Sea. Novelty and uniqueness patterns of rare members of the soil biosphere.

Phylogenetic diversity, host-specificity and community profiling of sponge-associated bacteria in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Down under the tunic: bacterial biodiversity hotspots and widespread ammonia-oxidizing archaea in coral reef ascidians. Trophic downgrading of planet Earth. Science — Microbiota of the major south atlantic reef building coral Mussismilia. The generation and maintenance of diversity in microbial communities.

Effects of resources and food web structure on bacterioplankton production in a tropical humic lagoon. Partitioning of bacterial communities between seawater and healthy, black band diseased, and dead coral surfaces. Marine viruses and their biogeochemical and ecological effects. Nature — A latitudinal diversity gradient in planktonic marine bacteria. Ecology of the rare microbial biosphere of the Arctic Ocean. Bacterial community composition in the gut content and ambient sediment of sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus revealed by 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing. Gradients of coastal fish farm effluents and their effect on coral reef microbes.


Abundance - occupancy relationships. Evidence for a persistent microbial seed bank throughout the global ocean. Microbes ride the current. Implications of streamlining theory for microbial ecology. Comparison of the gut microbiomes of 12 bony fish and 3 shark species. Heterotroph species extinction, abundance and biomass dynamics in an experimentally fragmented microecosystem. Antibacterial activity of marine culturable bacteria collected from a global sampling of ocean surface waters and surface swabs of marine organisms.

London: Academic Press;. Bacteria dispersal by hitchhiking on zooplankton. Marine diatom species harbour distinct bacterial communities. Ecography Cop. Bacterial communities associated with four ctenophore genera from the German Bight North Sea. Ecol 91 1— Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Press; , — The presence, nature, and role of gut microflora in aquatic invertebrates: a synthesis.

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General stabilizing effects of plant diversity on grassland productivity through population asynchrony and overyielding. Ecology 91 — Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Marine sponges as microbial fermenters. Molecular diversity studies of bacterial communities of oil polluted microbial mats from the Etang de Berre France.

First deep screening of bacterial assemblages associated with corals of the Tropical Eastern Pacific. Simple rules for interspecific dominance in systems with exploitative and apparent competition. Structure of the rare archaeal biosphere and seasonal dynamics of active ecotypes in surface coastal waters. Gut clearance rate constant, temperature and initial gut contents?

Pyrosequencing reveals diverse and distinct sponge-specific microbial communities in sponges from a single geographical location in Irish waters. Spatial and temporal distribution of the Vibrionaceae in coastal waters of Hawaii, Australia, and France. Dormancy contributes to the maintenance of microbial diversity.

Lecture 11: Soil microbial ecology

Feast and famine—microbial life in the deep-sea bed. Predation as a shaping force for the phenotypic and genotypic composition of planktonic bacteria. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 81 — Mechanisms and rates of bacterial colonization of sinking aggregates mechanisms and rates of bacterial colonization of sinking aggregates. Marine snow, organic solute plumes, and optimal chemosensory behavior of bacteria. The transient phase between growth and nongrowth of heterotrophic bacteria, with emphasis on the marine environment.

The genomic basis of trophic strategy in marine bacteria. Depth attenuation of organic matter export associated with jelly falls. Effect of the squid host on the abundance and distribution of symbiotic Vibrio fischeri in nature. Pyrosequencing reveals highly diverse and species-specific microbial communities in sponges from the Red Sea.

A graphical model of keystone predators in food webs? The metacommunity concept: a framework for multi-scale community ecology. Microbial seed banks: the ecological and evolutionary implications of dormancy. A comparison of bacterial community structure in seawater pond with shrimp, crab, and shellfish cultures and in non-cultured pond in Ganyu, Eastern China. Scaling laws predict global microbial diversity. PeerJ Prepr.

Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes. Decoupling function and taxonomy in the global ocean microbiome. Ecology and exploration of the rare biosphere. Diversity and temporal dynamics of the epiphytic bacterial communities associated with the canopy-forming seaweed Cystoseira compressa Esper Gerloff and Nizamuddin. Hoboken NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. How microbial community composition regulates coral disease development. Marine defaunation: animal loss in the global ocean.

Animals in a bacterial world, a new imperative for the life sciences. Giving microbes their due - animal life in a microbially dominant world. Linking metacommunity theory and symbiont evolutionary ecology. Trends Ecol. Quantitative distribution of presumptive archaeal and bacterial nitrifiers in Monterey Bay and the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Natural assemblages of marine bacteria exhibiting high-speed motility and large accelerations. Stable associations masked by temporal variability in the marine copepod microbiome. Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes.

Genetic difference but functional similarity among fish gut bacterial communities through molecular and biochemical fingerprints. Rare species support vulnerable functions in high-diversity ecosystems.